Approved by Jim Buehler
The Berkeley Lab Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Management policy requires personnel to identify, label, and properly dispose of electrical equipment that contains or could contain PCBs.
Oil-filled electrical equipment that may contain PCBs, including (but not limited to) transformers, capacitors, circuit breakers, reclosures, voltage regulators, switches, motor starters, and electromagnets. If the oil in the oil-filled electrical equipment is unknown, it should be assumed to contain PCBs.
Berkeley Lab employees, visitors, affiliates, and subcontractors who work with or operate oil-filled electrical equipment.
|Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC)
|The department within the California Environmental Protection Agency that regulates hazardous waste management and remedial actions
|East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD)
|The local municipal wastewater treatment facility that accepts and regulates sanitary-sewer discharges from Berkeley Lab
|Any treated or untreated liquid discharge from Berkeley Lab or from a Berkeley Lab facility
|The collection and analysis of sanitary sewer samples for the analysis of PCB congeners for determining compliance with EBMUD permits
|Any sudden or sustained deviation from a regulated or planned performance at an operation with environmental protection and compliance significance
|Environmentally preferable products and services
|Goods and services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with other goods and services that serve the same purpose
|Wastes exhibiting any of the following characteristics: ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, and toxicity. In addition, EPA has listed specific wastes as hazardous that do not necessarily exhibit these characteristics.
|A capacitor that contains more than 3 pounds or 30 liquid ounces of dielectric fluid
|Reducing or eliminating waste at the source by modifying production processes, promoting the use of nontoxic or less-toxic substances, implementing conservation techniques, and reusing materials rather than putting them into the waste stream
|Public Owned Treatment Works (POTW)
|A general term used for sewage-treatment plants. The East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) plant is the POTW that accepts sewage from Berkeley Lab. The EBMUD permit sets a discharge limit for PCB congeners.
|San Francisco Regional Water Quality Control Board
|The agency responsible for regulating the water quality in the San Francisco basin and setting discharge limits for POTWs, including the limit for PCB congeners.
|U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
|A federal agency responsible for enforcing PCB regulations. PCB spills are reported to the U.S. EPA.
- Oil-filled Electrical Equipment
- In general, oil-filled electrical equipment of unknown content should be assumed to contain polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).
- Oil-filled electrical equipment that may contain PCBs includes (but is not limited to) transformers, capacitors, circuit breakers, reclosures, voltage regulators, switches, motor starters, and electromagnets.
- If a piece of oil-containing equipment is to be disconnected and not reused, please contact Waste Management early in the planning stages so Waste Management can set up the waste accumulation area (WAA) and arrange shipment to meet regulatory requirements.
- If the waste is known to have PCBs at a concentration of 50 parts per million (ppm) or greater, or contains waste from a PCB spill cleanup, the accumulation time in the generator satellite accumulation area (SAA) or WAA is 30 days.
- Report any oil-filled electrical equipment with greater than 50 ppm PCBs to the Environmental Services Group.
- Purchasing Oil-filled Electrical Equipment
- When new large capacitors are purchased, it is recommended that the owner place a “non-PCB” label on the capacitor. A “large capacitor” is a capacitor that contains more than 3 pounds or 30 liquid ounces of dielectric fluid.
- When a new transformer is purchased, it is recommended that a “dry type” transformer be specified over an oil-filled transformer whenever possible.
- If an oil-filled transformer is purchased, it is recommended that the owner place a “non-PCB” label on the transformer.
- If a used transformer is obtained from another facility, the transformer must not contain PCBs greater than 5 ppm, and the transformer must have supporting documentation proving that the transformer does not have any PCBs above this threshold.
- 40 CFR 761, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Manufacturing, Processing, Distribution in Commerce, and Use Prohibitions
- CCR, Title 22, Division 4.5, Environmental Health Standards for the Management of Hazardous Waste, Sections 66001–67800.5
- City of Berkeley Storm Water Pollution Reduction Ordinance No. 6216
- City of Berkeley Toxics Management Program
|Chapter 20 Waste Management
|Chapter 61 and Groundwater Management
|Chapter 63 Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Management